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The Healing Power of Animals: Benefits of Animal-Assisted Therapy

Grief camps, for example, offer children who have experienced personal loss the opportunity to work through emotional experiences with horses or dogs. A review study notes that animal therapy appears to provide general benefits for both physical and psychological health. Evidence for animal assisted therapy appears strongest for markers of anxiety and depression in the widest range of people. Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) is a goal directed intervention in which an animal meeting specific criteria is an integral part of the treatment process. Animal-assisted therapy is delivered and/or directed by health or human service providers working within the scope of their profession.

Whether they are guide dogs or seizure-detecting dogs, they work diligently to ensure the well-being of those in their care. Due to their working status and their owner’s dependency on them, alcohol and seizures can drinking cause epilepsy or convulsions service dogs are among the best-trained animals in the world. Many animals have germs that can make vulnerable people sick, and any animal, no matter how well trained, can be unpredictable.

  1. Young children often see dramatic improvements in interpersonal relationships with equine-assisted therapy.
  2. Moreover, most of the included papers presented limited samples that could affect the overall results.
  3. In particular, the authors adapted the CDC guidelines to their specific setting [43].
  4. If you are in a hospital, school, nursing home, rehabilitation center, or another type of community center, you might not have a relationship with a psychotherapist, but a volunteer with a trained therapy pet might visit you.
  5. It is not a replacement for other forms of therapy, such as psychotherapy or physical therapy.

This feeling could lead to possessiveness or actually decrease a person’s satisfaction with therapy. Some people going through rehabilitation for a drug use disorder may also respond well and have a greater sense of well-being when working with an animal. The handler must generally pass an instructional course on how to interact with people and perform the types of therapies that they may provide. Animal therapy partially uses this bond in a directed way to achieve the goals of the therapy. There are concerns that people may become dependent on the animal and could interfere with the recovery process for PTSD.[96] People may feel as though they cannot do things on their own without the presence of the animal.

The authors identified some areas requiring further insights such as costs, reasons to refuse the intervention and potential adverse effects. Moreover, the authors highlighted how the description of the intervention in terms of length, activities and settings, in the studies included in the review, was not always obvious [4]. The main limitations were linked to the heterogeneity of the retrieved studies considering both the outcomes and the quality, making the comparison quite difficult. Indeed, in accordance with previous reviews [4], [15], the previous cited findings are limited by the overall low quality of the retrieved studies.

Animal-assisted therapy is beneficial for many clients who seek mental health care. The primary contraindications are a significant fear or dislike of animals or an allergy. As pet therapy continues to grow in popularity, research will continue to expand and explore its use across populations. In the meantime, indications are that AAT is a viable, useful, and effective intervention to add to therapy. Owning a therapy or companion animal, such as a dog trained to sense and alleviate anxiety, is only loosely considered a type of animal-assisted psychotherapy. AAT, by definition, involves the active participation of a mental health professional.

3. Elderly patients

Each being experiences positive results from the attention received from the other, according to studies between horses and humans and between humans and dogs. Anyone considering animal therapy should discuss the process fluoxetine withdrawal and how they may benefit from it with a doctor or mental health specialist. Additionally, therapy animals that visit hospitals and other long-term facilities may be carriers of certain infections or diseases.

Seven different species can be recognized as service animals.

Animal-assisted education (AAE) is a planned and structured intervention directed and/or delivered by educational and related service professional with specific academic or educational goals. The AVMA recognizes that the human animal-bond is important to client and community health. The human animal-bond has existed for thousands of years, and this relationship is of significant importance for veterinary medicine and human health and wellbeing. As veterinary medicine serves society, it fulfills both human and animal needs. They start with someone who has a pet that they think would be suitable.

Animal-assisted therapy is designed to promote improvement in human physical, social, emotional, or cognitive function. Animal-assisted therapy is provided in a variety of settings, and may be group or individual in nature. Another potential risk is the risk of an animal hurting a patient, such as if a dog gets scared and bites a patient. While you cannot eliminate this risk completely, in reality, the training these animals receive and the skill of therapy animal handlers make this a small risk.

Improved mood and reduced anxiety tend to be consistent results with AAT. Individuals who perceive hostility or disregard from other humans may come to accept the nonjudgmental and unconditional affection and attention from an animal, instead. Studies of AAT demonstrate these results in nearly all participants, regardless of age, the duration of the session, or the severity of symptoms. While animal therapy may be helpful for people with certain health issues, it may not be right for everyone. Working with an animal in these cases may motivate the person to continue therapy, boost their mood, and reduce signs of pain. For physical conditions, it may help them move correctly and exercise often.

There are 10 types of service dogs found in the United States.

There may be a chance of them spreading these infections to other people, making thorough testing important for any animal. Service animals are trained to perform specific tasks for people with conditions that are challenging to manage. Service dogs can be a huge gift in helping these folks live functional lives, says Teresa Lodato, a certified professional co-active coach out of Alamo, California.

Risks of Animal Therapy

Or, it may take a more active role, like when a therapy client interacts with the animal by grooming it or walking with it. Studies suggest that people who pet animals experience the release of serotonin, prolactin and oxytocin hormones that can play a part in elevating moods. An avid outdoorsman, Dean spends much of his time adventuring through the diverse terrain of the southwest United States with his closest companion, his dog, Gohan. An apt researcher and reader, he loves to investigate interesting topics such as history, economics, relationships, pets, politics, and more.

Unfortunately, there is no uniformity on naming these interventions and AAT, AAA and other names are used, often, in a confusing way. To make even harder to compare the studies different animals were used. Although dog is the most common, generally every species can be employed. Animal-assisted therapies (AAT) are approaches to mental health care that incorporate animals into the psychotherapy process, emphasizing the bond created during human-animal interactions. Emotional recovery and positive psychological transformation often occurs when the relationship between an individual and the therapy animal grows.

This can be a dog, or another animal the patient feels comfortable with. These animals are different from emotional support or service animals but can often be intertwined. Whatever the intervention – which is limited only by our creativity – AAT/AAA are based on an age-old concept. Pets are a friendly, non-threatening common denominator in most American homes. Most children have experienced positive emotional connections with animals while growing up. They amuse and entertain us, make us feel needed, and ask for little in return except to be loved, respected and cared for.

Data was heterogeneous in terms of age of patient, health issue, animals used and the length of interactions, which made comparison problematic. Studies on children, psychiatric and elderly patients were the most common. The animal-intervention programs suggested various benefits such as reducing stress, pain and anxiety. Other outcomes considered were changes in vital signs, and nutritional intake.

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